Nuffnang

MY VOICE FOR NATION

Posted by Unknown | Posted on 11:28 PTG

Dr Shafie Abu Bakar

Posted by Unknown | Posted on 11:15 PTG

Dr Shafie Abu Bakar


Ke Taman Pinggiran Putra, Seri Kembangan: Masalah Obesiti & Masjid Terbengkalai

Posted: 25 Jun 2012 04:59 PM PDT

R Sivarasa - Ahli Parlimen Subang

Posted by Unknown | Posted on 11:03 PTG

R Sivarasa - Ahli Parlimen Subang


PRESS STATEMENT - 26 JUNE 2012

Posted: 25 Jun 2012 09:53 PM PDT



INVESTIGATE LEAK AND SALE OF TOP-SECRET MILITARY DOCUMENT ON SCORPENE

I note from his article published yesterday in the website Asia Sentinel that John Berthelsen, a well-known regional journalist has received what appear to be leaked documents from the on-going French investigation in Paris into corrupt payments made in connection with the purchase by Malaysia in 2002 of 2 Scorpene submarines.
French counsel for Suaram John Breham announced in Bangkok on 30th May 2012, amongst other revelations, that a top-secret document belonging to the Malaysian Navy relating to the Scorpene purchase had been seized from the Paris office of the French firm supplying the submarine DCNS.  He also  said that  the records also showed that the document came to DCNS from Terasasi Hong Kong a company owned by Razak Baginda and his father. Breham also suggested that money must have been paid to Terasasi by DCNS for that secret document.
Minister for Defence Datuk Zahid Hamidi has denied the transaction and said he will provide a full answer in Parliament today. It appears that he is referring to his answer to the adjournment speech to be made by YB Nurui Izzah at the close of proceedings today.
Upon receiving certain information relating to the documents exposed by John Berthelsen, we have verified that Document 151 in the French investigation file has a comment written by the investigators which in English reads as follows:
"In the file entitled 'Report of the December 2000 – June 2002 Phase III Part 2' appeared  the evaluation report of the French offer by the Royal Malaysian Navy dated 17 April 2001 followed by a table comparing the specifications of Scorpene and the wishes of the Malaysian Navy ( page 29 … ) with the technical assessments. The report concluded (page 30 ) that the offer was acceptable but an agreement must be reached on a few details notably the delivery." Datuk Zahid must therefore explain today instead of just making bare denials the following:
-          How did this top secret document get into the hands of Terasasi and then to DCNS?
-          Who are the persons responsible for selling top secret military documents
-          Is he going to instruct the police to commence investigation and summon Razak Baginda for questioning?

Sivarasa Rasiah
Ahli Parlimen Subang, Anggota Biro Politik dan Majlis Pimpinan Pusat Parti Keadilan Rakyat

PRESS RELEASE:

Posted: 25 Jun 2012 08:01 PM PDT

 Former ACA director Abdul Razak Idris denies that Anwar ordered him to make SD

        We refer to the false allegations published in the NST and Berita Harian on 21st June 2012 that opposition leader Datuk Seri Anwar Ibrahim had ordered former ACA director of investigations Abdul Razak Idris to make a statutory declaration relating to the RM 3 billion allegation. En Abdul Razak Idris has now denied the allegation that he was ordered by Anwar to make the SD clearing him of wrongdoing. Abdul Razak Idris has communicated this fact to NST and Berita Harian. We have been given a copy of his message in which he says, " Saya pula bukan diarah oleh DSAI tetapi saya diminta oleh KP SPRM untuk elakkan beliau atau pegawainya disapina oleh DSAI sebagai saksi plaintif dlm civil suit terhadap NST yg didengar pd akhir Nov 2009." From the preceding, it is clear now that the UMNO- owned NST and Berita Harian published a blatant lie against Anwar in order to inflict political damage upon him. This campaign of libel and character assasination is of course carried out with the knowledge and approval of Prime Minister Najib and UMNO who own these two newspapers. This denial by En Abdul Razak Idris' gives clear proof of the underhand UMNO campaign to defame and villify Anwar Ibrahim. UMNO and its media have now been caught red-handed making a false statement of a very serious nature about Anwar.The opposition leader has through his solicitors today issued a demand to the NST and Berita Harian newspapers to publish with equal prominence Abdul Razak Idris' denial that he was ordered to make the SD by Anwar. Datuk Seri Anwar Ibrahim also claims damages and an undertaking that the false allegations will not be repeated.

 Issued by,
 N SURENDRAN
 VICE PRESIDENT  KEADILAN

 SIVARASA RASIAH
 MEMBER OF POLITICAL BUREAU &
 MP FOR SUBANG

 25 JUNE 2012

Philosophy Politics Economics

Posted by Unknown | Posted on 9:40 PTG

Philosophy Politics Economics


Crime: Stop Spinning & Give Full Statistics

Posted: 25 Jun 2012 07:12 PM PDT

Minister in Prime Minister's Department, Datuk Idris Jala was quoted in The Star yesterday, "if the [crime] statistics are not convincing, perhaps then we should try to dwell into how the police were able to bring the crime rates down in a specific area, for example, one of the hotspots".

He further called on the media to play its role in fighting crime and help arrest the "doom and gloom" by reporting on solved cases and not sensationalising crime by repeatedly reporting the same news.

We call upon the Government to stop the spin on the crime situation in the country. There is absolutely no question that the people do not feel safe in the streets regardless of the many "feel good" selective statistics the Government has released to the public.

Datuk Idris Jala claimed that "we as in the police (PDRM), Home Ministry (KDN) and Pemandu have been very transparent in acknowledging that there are 157,891 index crime cases reported in 2011".  However, if the Government is so confident of its crime fighting achievements, why is it refusing to provide detailed statistics by districts (e.g., Petaling Jaya, Klang, Serdang etc.) or by type of crime (e.g., murder, kidnapping, snatch theft, robbery, armed robbery etc.)?

It is not helped by the fact that crime incidence appears to be on the rise again after at least 4 recent reports over robbery and attempted abduction in various shopping centres across the Klang Valley over the past month alone.

  • May 27: 25 year old internet marketeer Chin Xin-Ci had a meat cleaver pressed against her throat before being shoved into the car in an attempted kidnap and car robbery in The Curve.
  • June 3: Aeon Jusco Cheras Selatan - 2 robbers bashed the head of an unsuspecting customer for her purse as she walked to her car with a relative. 
  • June 12: Attack and robbery at the Adorn Level of Starhill Gallery's car park
  • June 22: Victim was found leaning against a wall with blood gushing from her head and hands at Midvalley Carpark office tower lift lobby at parking zone G, on level 4.

Ironically, my very own special assistant had her house broken into in Taman Desa, Kuala Lumpur just last week.

And if crime is indeed on the rise, the media must not be faulted for reporting them. In fact they have the responsibility to report them to ensure that members of the public are alerted to take the necessary precautions.

On the other hand, in other much safer countries such as Singapore, Hong Kong and Japan, crime incidences are similarly reported, without jeopardising the confidence the people have in the safety of these countries. Hence if the situation on the ground is truly safe as the Government claims, then the Malaysians confidence in the system cannot be so fragile, and so easily shaken by "sensationalised" media reports on certain crime incidence.

The Governments attempt to gag the media from reporting crime incidence and to focus only on gloating the selective "success" of crime fighting efforts, will only result in a sense of false security, causing more innocent victims to fall prey to crime.

We once again call upon the Government stop blaming the media for the concerns about crime. Instead, tell us why the Government refuses to provide detailed statistics on crime to all Malaysians, if they really have nothing to hide from us.

念群与沙登人民同在 | Nie Ching for Serdang

Posted by Unknown | Posted on 9:05 PTG

念群与沙登人民同在 | Nie Ching for Serdang


疑乌冷储水量告急 无拉港断水两周商民苦

Posted: 25 Jun 2012 07:30 PM PDT



(无拉港25日讯)疑是乌鲁冷岳储水池水量不足产生的骨牌效应,无拉港五个地区逾2000户民宅过去面对的水供中断困扰,在近两个星期来更形严重,家里滴水难求,居民被迫出外借水、购买矿泉水及打包食物等,生活开销突增!

受制水影响的地区包括杨桃岭、福临园、顺达山庄、冠军再也花园及布特拉布迪曼(Putra Budiman),基于近日来水供时有时无,加上水压低,使当地排屋与组屋居民的生活深受影响。

受访者指出,在1个月前,当地就已开始出现制水问题,但情况并不严重及制水时间不长,居民仍可多储水,备日常生活所需。

水槽车深夜派水无人知

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【念念有辞】又一單濫用權力

Posted: 25 Jun 2012 07:26 PM PDT

This column article published on the Website of Chinese Newspaper Chinapress.com.my

過去的星期天,跑了兩趟警察局。

早上陪同我的助理到沙登警察局。在他與家人到香港旅遊期間,退出公正黨成為獨立人士的高淵區國會議員陳智銘在6月20日指控我的助理收取500令吉的回扣金,搞得他無心旅遊。24日凌晨2點下機,早上10點就到警局舉報陳智銘在無憑無據下對他刑事譭謗。

陳智銘惡意且不負責任的指控不是我今天要討論的重點。不過到警察局投報,當然要帶上一份陳智銘指控的報道。誰料向我的助理問話的警員突然冒出一句:"這篇報道你們哪裡打印出來的?"我們八金剛摸不著頭,問他這份報道哪裡打印出來,有什么重要?

該警員正經八百告訴我們:"當然重要啊!如果是在沙登打印那么我們才調查你們的投報,如果是在加影,那么你們就要去加影警察局咯!"

幸好這份報道我們確實是在沙登打印,所以不用多跑一趟。不過,網絡世代本來就是零距離的,警方還這么斤斤計較打印報道地點,真是讓我百思不得其解。我們只能自我安慰,幸好助理不是在香港打印這篇報道,否則大夥兒不是要飛到香港報警?

下午又再往警局跑,那則是在預定的行程之外。

下午3點半接到消息,說一位馬來亞大學的在籍學生許智豪因為身穿淨選盟黃衣出席首相納吉與馬華總會長蔡細歷與華裔青年對話會,而被警方逮捕。所以我又匆匆趕往班底警察局給予法律援助。在我的詢問下,警方透露他們是援引《刑事程序法典》103條文帶許智豪會警局問話。

全是依據上頭指示

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Pertandingan Membuat Bak Zhang

Posted: 25 Jun 2012 05:27 PM PDT

22hb Jun 2012, Pertandingan Membuat Bak Zhang di Tokong Ban Chuan Gong, Bangi Lama.









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鼓励拉曼生穿黄衣迎接首相 · 张念群斥国阵利用学生宣传

Posted: 25 Jun 2012 05:18 PM PDT

随着拉曼学院否认,不准学生在周三穿黄衣迎接首相纳吉的到访,行动党全国副宣传秘书张念群趁机鼓励拉曼生,当天全都穿上黄衣迎接首相。

她强调,净选盟3.0并非非法组织,因此身穿这个推动选举改革组织联盟的衣服,绝对不是违法的行为。

"我也要鼓励拉曼学院的学生,净选盟3.0并不是非法组织,穿着bersih 3.0 的衣服不论是在校园或者走在路上,都绝对没有触犯法律。

"如果心中还存有疑虑,也可以在当天穿着黄色却没有净选盟标志的衣服,或者绿色的衣服出席。"

笑称学生可穿Ubah衣

张念群(右图)也是沙登区国会议员,她今日发文告调侃说,如果校方规定第一年生只能穿红衣,那么他们不妨考虑穿上行动党的"Ubah"T恤。

"('Ubah'T恤)价格合理而且设计新颖,必然会让纳吉对你'刮目相看'!"

拉曼否认"禁黄穿红"

纳吉将在周三到访拉曼学院总校,但网上却传出消息,指校方和讲师强制第一年学生穿红衣迎接首相,至于其他年级的学生也被"劝告"禁穿黄衣。

尽管如此,拉曼学院企业通讯部经理廖威豪在接受《当今大马》电访时,强调校方不曾禁止学生穿黄衣。

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Gotong-royong Taman Jasmin Kajang

Posted: 25 Jun 2012 12:52 AM PDT

24th Jun 2012, hadir gotong-royong yang dianjurkan oleh Persatuan Penduduk Taman Jasmin~









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UM student nabbed at dialogue with PM

Posted: 25 Jun 2012 12:48 AM PDT

A Universiti Malaya (UM) student in a Bersih T-shirt was held for questioning by the police before a dialogue session between students and Prime Minister Najib Abdul Razak.

Koh Cher Hao, a sports science undergraduate, was approached by three police personnel in plainclothes when he was at the Tunku Chancellor Hall.

“They showed me their authority card and asked me to follow them out. When I was out of the hall, I asked if I was being arrested and they replied that I will find out at the police station,” he said when met later.

Koh was taken to the Pantai police station where he was questioned under Section 103 of the Criminal Procedure Code, which stipulates that a police personnel may “interpose” to prevent the commission of any seizable offence.

Serdang MP Teo Nie Ching who rushed to the scene to provide Koh legal aid condemned the police for abusing their powers.

“Seizable offences includes murder, kidnap, rape, theft or burglary. When I asked the police, what is the seizable offence here, they could not answer.

“Ikut arahan atas (following orders from the top) was the reply. It is obvious that they were abusing their powers to intimidate the students,” said Teo, who is a practising lawyer.

Facebook campaign

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穿净选盟黄衣出席首相对话会 马大学生遭便衣警员逮捕问话

Posted: 25 Jun 2012 12:46 AM PDT

首相纳吉与马华总会长蔡细历今午到马来亚大学与华裔青年对话,不料一名身穿净选盟黄衣的马大学生,却在纳吉抵步前就被警方逮捕,逮捕原因不详。

这名体育科学系学生许智豪,当时穿着净选盟黄衣配一件黑色外套,正坐在马大东姑礼堂内,等候"华青与首相活动"开始。

警员要求到礼堂外

不过,就在蔡细历致词的中途,就有3名便衣警员走向他,出示警员证件后,指示他跟随到礼堂外面。

许智豪告诉《当今大马》,他到了礼堂外之后,向3名警员询问他是否已经被捕,但警员拒绝回答,只是表示这是"上头指示"。

"我也问他们,我是因何被捕,而他们回答'你到了警局就会知道'。"

无计可施下回警局

许智豪说,由于3名警员紧紧包围着他,在无计可施下,他唯有跟着3名警员,乘坐一辆警车来到警局。

不过,许智豪来到警局后,并不需要录取任何口供。警方只是索取了他的个人资料就释放他。

警方说"上头指示"

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Lim Guan Eng

Posted by Unknown | Posted on 3:35 PTG

Lim Guan Eng


If Datuk Seri Najib Tun Razak Succeeds In Leading BN To 14-0 Victory In The Next General Elections, Malaysia Would Suffer 5Ds of Deficits, Debts, Deceits, Dictatorship And brain Drain.

Posted: 25 Jun 2012 03:09 AM PDT

Malaysians are restless for change. The question is whether this will be a change to win the future with integrity in leadership or change back to the past where we see our children's future stolen as ours were stolen by corruption for the past 50 years.

Prime Minister Datuk Seri Najib Tun Razak has expressed confidence in winning the next general elections by sweeping all states in leading BN to 14-0 victory. If he and BN succeeds, Malaysia would suffer the 5Ds of Deficits, Debts, Deceits, Dictatorship and brain Drain.

BN is now in a state of arrogant hubris following the success of its cash handouts and using money politics to buy popularity. Penang PR accepts the possibility that BN can snatch power by hook or by crook at the 13th general elections.

However, the implications of a 14-0 victory would have serious repercussions for Malaysia, especially worsening corruption leading to higher deficits and debts that can only be brought about by greater repression and dictatorial powers. Police brutality unleashed against peaceful demonstrators during the Bersih rallies have resulted in a loss of public confidence in the independence of the police, who are perceived as willing political tools of a dictatorial BN government.

Presently corruption has deteriorated with Transparency International ranking Malaysia at No. 60 in the Corruption Perception Index compared to No. 37 in 2003. Instead of giving out loans to farmers who breed cows, the family of a Minister who has never reared a cow is given RM 250 million loan, which is misused to buy condos. We can see some of the worst excesses in Sarawak where wealth controlled by families of state government leaders are openly flaunted.

Clearly rampant corruption can only be permitted by BN's deceit and dictatorial powers which will lead to an even larger brain drain. Since Merdeka in 1957, more than 2 million Malaysians have left the country. The recent change in Australian work visa policy that allows Australian graduates to stay back in Australia for 2-4 years will only accelerate the brain drain.

BN's recent RM13.8 billion 2012 supplementary budget will add on to the projected RM 45.9 billion projected deficit in the 2012 budget, resulting in a total deficit of RM 59.7 billion, the highest in Malaysian history. This would easily put Malaysia's deficit as a % of GDP at more than 6% in 2012, which is significantly higher than the initially projected 4.7%.

The fiscal irresponsibility of the BN government is proven by the fact that the additional funds will be spent on the extra RM 1.5 million allocation to BN MPs from this supplementary budget while non-BN MPs including those from Pakatan Rakyat will be given nothing. The strategy of going to the taxpayers to fund more of its irresponsible spending habits is not something new for the BN. BN requested for an additional RM 13.2 billion in June 2011 and an additional RM 10.3 billion in March 2012 for the 2011 Budget.

As of 31 March 2012, government debt stood at RM 470 billion. If we include the expected deficit from the 2012 budget, our government debt will easily increase to beyond RM500b by the end of the 2012. And this does not even include the worrying increase in the contingent liabilities that are not officially on the books amounting to nearly RM 110 billion. If contingent liabilities are added to official government debt, our debt would increase to more than RM 600 billion!

The last time this country ran a budget surplus was in 1997 when Anwar Ibrahim was the Deputy Prime Prime Minister. Since 1997, we have experienced 15 consecutive years of budget deficits, which is why we want Anwar as the new Prime Minister to turnaround the deficit budget into a surplus budget. Our government debt has increased by 5 times from RM 89 billion in 1997 to RM 470 billion as at March 2012 as compared to the increase in GDP by only threefold.

In contrast to BN's dismal financial performance, PR state governments have recorded surplus after surplus every year and even managed to reduce our debts sustainably. Penang reduced our debts by a whopping 95% or RM600 million from RM630 million at 8 March 2008 to only RM30 million by end 2011. All this was achieved not by BN's deceit but by straight talking of running a clean government based on CAT governance of competency, accountability and transparency. In comparison in 2011, Sarawak has a debt exposure of at least RM4.3 billion comprising of total direct and indirect debt to the federal government and private sector..

Clearly the system of open competitive tenders, disclosure of government contracts with the private sector, public declaration of assets certified by an international accounting firm and the passing of a Freedom of Information Act works in combating corruption. PR states like Penang have proven that a clean government can perform better than a corrupt government.

LIM GUAN ENG

—– Mandarin Version —-

民主行动党秘书长兼峇眼区国会议员林冠英于2012年6月24日在古晋发表谈话:

如果拿督斯里纳吉成功带领国阵在来届大选创下14比0的胜利,马来西亚将会陷入5D困境:赤字(Deficits)、债务(Debts)、欺骗(Deceits)、独裁(Dictatorship)及人才外流(brain Drain)。

马来西亚人迫不及待地想改变。问题是,这是不是一项能够赢得未来廉政的改变,还是变回跟从前一样,看着我们的孩子的未来被偷窃,就像我们在过去50年所遭遇的事一样。

首相拿督斯里纳吉已经表达了下届大选有信心横扫全部州属,创下14比0的胜利。如果国阵可以成功,那么马来西亚将会陷入5D困境:赤字(Deficits)、债务(Debts)、欺骗(Deceits)、独裁(Dictatorship)及人才外流(brain Drain)。

国阵在成功派发现金援助、以金钱换取欢迎度后,现在处于极度傲慢的阶段。槟州民联接受国阵可能在第13届大选不惜一切代价夺取政权。

但是,14比0将为马来西亚带来深远的影响,特别是在压制及独裁政权下,猖獗的贪污将导致更高的赤字及债务。警方在净选盟大集会粗暴地对付和平集会者,已经让公众对警方的独立性失去信心,他们已经被视为国阵独裁政府的政治工具。

最近我国贪污越来越严重,国际透明组织列马来西亚的贪污印象指数于第60名,2003年我们排名37。我国没有把贷款发放在养牛业者,反而是某部长的家人,不但没把应该养牛的贷款用来养牛,还滥用来买公寓。我们可以看到砂拉越的糟糕例子,砂州的财富竟然由州政府领袖的家族掌控。

很明显地,国阵的欺骗及独裁政权所纵容的贪污,将会让我们面对严重的人才流失问题。自1957来独立以来。超过200万马来西亚人已经移民了。最近澳洲新的移民政策,允许留学生毕业后留在澳洲2-4年,只会加剧人才外流。

国阵最近2012年的138亿令吉附加预算案,让2012年的预算案赤字459亿令吉,增加至总赤字597亿令吉,成了马来西亚史上最高的赤字预算案。这将让2012年赤字占国民生产总值的比率超过6%,比原本估计的比率4.7%还高。

国阵政府的理财态度可说是不负责任,这从国阵国会议员能够在附加预算案中,获得额外150万令吉拨款可以看出,而那些非国阵(包括民联国会议员)国会议员却分毫未得。国阵大花大用纳税人的钱已经不是什么新鲜事。它在2011年6月曾经要求额外的132亿令吉,2012年3月为2011年财政预算要求额外103亿令吉。

截至2012年3月31日,政府债务已达4700亿令吉。如果我们把2012年的预算赤字包括在外,政府的债务将在2012年底达5000亿令吉。这还未包括不要账目内的、让人担忧的或有负债( contingent liabilities )约1100亿令吉。如果把这些或有负债加入政府债务,我们的债务将会增加至6000亿令吉。

我国最后一次拥有盈余的预算案是1997年,当时安华是财政部长。自1997年,我国已经连续15年面对财政赤安。我国政府的债务从890亿令吉,增加到2012年3月的4700亿令吉。1997年到现在,政府债务增加了5倍,但是我国的国民生产总值只增加3倍。

比起国阵恶务的理务记录,民联政府预算案不但年年有余,而且还有办法持续减少我们的债务。槟城政府成功将槟州的债务从6亿3000万令吉,减去95%,到了2011年底,债务只剩3000万令吉。这些都不是国阵欺瞒诈骗可以做到的,而是实话实说,推行能干、公信及透明的廉洁政府所做到的。在2011年,砂拉越的债务达43亿令吉,包括联邦政府及私人机构的直接和非直接债务。
很明显地,通过公开招标、公开政府私人界合约、由国际会计公司公布民选高官财产,在州议会通过资讯自由法令来反贪。民联政府如槟州政府已经证明,倡廉的政府,可以做得比贪污政府更好。

林冠英

Speech at the Inaugural Conference of the ASEAN Coalition for Clean Governance

Posted: 25 Jun 2012 03:06 AM PDT

Opening Speech By Penang Chief Minister Lim Guan Eng at the Inaugural Conference of the ASEAN Coalition for Clean Governance Organised By The Penang Institue On 25.6.2012 At The E&O Hotel In George Town.

The ASEAN Coalition Of Clean Governance Seeks To Establish A System That Ensures Policies Are Made For Public Interest Through The Essential Mechanism That Establishes Institutions Which Builds Integrity In Leadership And Decision Making, Effective Internal Controls To Check And Punish Corruption As Well As Rewarding Whistle-Blowers.

On behalf of Penang Institute as well as the state government of Penang, allow me to start by wishing everyone a warm welcome both to Penang as well as to the inaugural conference of the ASEAN Coalition for Clean Governance. Organising a conference in the midst of the month-long internationally renowned George Town Heritage Fest with the theme "What enables clean governance in democracies? ASEAN perspectives.", is appropriate. After all George Town future as a UNESCO World Heritage City is inextricably intertwined with its survival linked to clean governance.

Clean governance is an issue that is very close to my heart. It is one of the reasons why I am here as the new Penang Chief Minister and one of the critical reforms in my administration which will decide whether I will still be around. Therefore, it is important to understand the correlation between development and clean governance.

History is rife with numerous examples throughout the world where weak governance, corruption and abuse of power have resulted in grinding poverty and the widening wealth inequality and income disparity. When a government is corrupt and inefficient, it is almost a certainty that its economic development will be unbalanced, inequitable and even unfair; with its socio-economic distribution skewed in favour of the cronies.

Clean governance can be broadly defined as a system that ensures policies are made for public interest through the essential mechanism that establishes institutions which builds integrity in leadership and decision making, an effective internal control to check and punish corruption as well as rewarding whistle-blowers. More specifically, we need to understand whether clean governance is relevant in the Asean context to engender social, political, economic and sustainable development.

It is for this reason that the Penang Institute has organised this conference today by bringing together leading proponents of clean governance from around the region with the aim of raising awareness of clean governance, discussing its enabling factors, setting up institutions, exchanging experience and more importantly establishing a culture of clean governance throughout ASEAN.

Ladies and gentlemen,

Extraordinary Times Should Not Forget The Importance Of A Return To Basic Principle, Of Doing Not Only The Right Thing But Also Doing It Right.
We are gathered here in extraordinary times. The global picture today is one that would have been unrecognisable just a decade ago. Today we see totalitarian governments and once-untouchable dictatorships being toppled one after another like dominos. Meanwhile, the Western economies are teetering on the edge of a meltdown, consumed by the weight of a crunching debt crisis that offers little room for optimism.

We are now living in extraordinary times. The effects of the global economic crisis are already obvious. ASEAN economies will not be spared and is expected to face weakening exports and a slowdown in FDI. As a result, economic management has become an increasingly challenging effort. In these extraordinary times, some say we require extraordinary ideas and extraordinary efforts. However we should not forget a return to the basic principle of not just doing the right thing but also doing it right.

ASEAN countries are bound together not only by geography and economy, but also by cultural and political values. In that sense, this great economic challenge that we are facing is a collective dilemma, and must therefore be met by collective leadership and collective action.

The need for clean public institutions
When I talk about leadership, I am not only talking about economic leadership. While that is important, I would like to suggest that there is also a need for ethical leadership. In other words, in such dire times, the only way to ensure protection for the people is to ensure that public institutions are strong, resilient and most importantly, clean.

The pillar of a society is its public institutions, which can be defined as the "rules of the game" which govern the interaction within and between governments, markets and society. Now, imagine if the rules of the game were not firm, or if the enforcement of the rules were lax. You would have irresponsible parties taking advantage of the system in order to enrich themselves and worse, to suppress the rights of others. This is how a corrupt and oppressive society is formed.

Former World Bank President James Wolfensohn summarised it well by saying, "The causes of financial crises and poverty are one and the same… If countries do not have good governance, if they do not confront the issue of corruption, if they do not have a complete legal system which protects human rights, property rights and contracts… their development is fundamentally flawed and will not last."

In other words, the relationship between public institutions and the socio-economic development of a society is a symbiotic one. Good and clean governance will result in positive socio-economic development. Conversely, ineffective public institutions and weak governance will facilitate corruption, misguided allocation of resources, arbitrary justice and excessive government intervention. This will in turn reduce economic competitiveness, deter private sector investment and prejudice the distribution of wealth.

Freedom is empowerment
True development is not merely material but must also refer to the accessibility and availability of opportunity to a society. In other words, a truly developed society is one where its people are empowered with the freedom to fulfil their aspirations and capabilities.

In this, I am guided by the great economist for the poor and Nobel Laureate Amartya Sen, who questions the fundamental assumption of development economics by arguing that development should not be measured primarily by wealth or income. According to Sen, poverty is not merely material but should also be seen as the "deprivation of basic capabilities", which he defines as human freedoms.

In other words, development is a process of expanding the instrumental freedoms of individuals, which he encapsulates in five elemental forms:
1. Political freedoms,
2. Economic facilities,
3. Social opportunities,
4. Transparency guarantees,
5. Protective security.

Political freedoms encompass basic human rights, such as freedom of expression, freedom of the press and freedom of information. It also significantly refers to public participation, checks and balances, the need for democratically-elected bodies at all levels as well as institutional respect for the rule of law.

Economic facilities are defined as the availability of access to economic resources, markets and female participation in the workforce, while social opportunities refer to education, health and other community facilities that allow individuals to gain better agency.

Transparency guarantees are meant to ensure a mechanism for seeking justice, the prevention of corruption, abuse of power and conflict of interest through public disclosure of information. Lastly, protective security talks about the need for the state to provide a social safety net to mitigate deprivation and poverty caused by epidemics, natural disasters and war.

These five forms of human freedoms as described by Sen are complementary and interrelated concepts that encompass processes as well as opportunities. They are both a fundamental aspect, as well as an enabler to achieving development. In other words, they are not only the means but also the ends.

More importantly, we must understand that Sen's hypothesis is centred on the idea that freedom is empowerment. By providing the instruments of freedom to an individual, we will enhance the ability of individuals to fulfil their own potential and capabilities. It is this collective empowerment of individuals that will in turn lead our societies to true development.

Institutionalising freedom through clean governance
If we make development our objective, and we recognise that freedom is both the means and the ends to development, then it follows that we must build public institutions that embrace the universal of truth, accountability and transparency. After all, Sen's parameters of human freedom entail the fulfilment of basic human rights, political equality, socio-economic justice, equitable access to opportunity, fairer distribution of wealth, integrity in leadership and commitment to the rule of law.

Thus, the only way to crystallise these parameters of freedom is to institutionalise them through the instruments of democracy. In other words, freedom can only be guaranteed and protected by clean, efficient, accountable and transparent public institutions.

I would hence like to suggest that public institutions should conform to a universal framework of good governance as described by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). This framework contains five principles, which are:
1. Legitimacy and Voice
2. Direction
3. Performance
4. Accountability
5. Fairness

It is critical to recognise that public institutions must be democratically legitimate and participatory in nature. All men and women should have a voice in decision-making, either directly or indirectly. Such participation can only be built by honouring basic rights such as freedom of association and speech.

At the same time, governance must be guided by a strategic vision that is both forward-looking and cognisant of the complexities of its local history and society. Institutions and processes must also be robust and responsive in order to serve its stakeholders effectively. Very importantly, they must also be accountable and transparent. Decision-makers are ultimately responsible to the public, and must therefore ensure that the public have direct access to sufficient information.

Lastly, governance of public institutions must be fair and provide equality regardless of gender or skin colour. Above all, it is imperative that institutions are guided by the rule of law. However, we must also ensure that the law is responsive to freedom, justice and the tenets of human rights.

These five UNDP principles of good and clean governance must act as our guide if we wish to achieve development without compromising on freedom and democracy.

CAT governance: the Penang experience
Penang's commitment towards clean governance is exemplified by CAT of competency, accountability and transparent administration. CAT has managed to arrest the graceful decline of Penang over the 18 years prior to 2008.

Based on CAT principles, we became the first state in Malaysia to introduce open competitive tenders for all public procurements and supplies. To the outside world, this is normal practice. However, it was ground-shattering in our country. We were immediately subject to a barrage of criticisms from various quarters who felt that their rice bowls were threatened.

By implementing open competitive tenders, we effectively eliminated the opportunity for corruption. Previously, contractors had to seek out "middlemen" for projects. Now, everything is done online through our e-Procurement system. Where previously the road to a government contract required political connections, it now only requires an internet connection.

In addition, we disclose fully the contents of government contracts signed with the private sector. We have also passed the Freedom of Information Enactment which allows disclosure of government contracts for public scrutiny. What's more, we have also taken steps to engage the public on the state government's proposed projects and plans.

To top it off, we have also become the first state in Malaysia to have the entire state executive council (EXCO) including the Chief Minister make a full public declaration of assets. And more recently, we have sought to empower more decentralised decision-making by passing the Local Government Elections Enactment, as part of our commitment towards participatory governance.

Our efforts are bearing fruit. In the last four years, we have turned the state's finances around with surplus budgets for every single year since we took over. More importantly in an era of high debts, we have successfully reduced state government debt by 95 per cent, from RM630 million when we took over to just RM30 million today.

For all our efforts, we have garnered accolades not only from the Auditor-General's annual reports, but we have also become the only state government in Malaysia to be praised by global anti-corruption watchdog Transparency International.

However, praise alone does not mean anything if it is not translated into real achievements. For the first time in Penang's history, we managed to become the number one investment location of the country in 2010. Over the last 2 years, Penang contributed towards nearly 30 per cent of Malaysia's total foreign direct investment (FDI). For a state with only 6 per cent of the country's population, we are certainly punching way above our weight.

George Town is now the most livable city in Malaysia in 2011. And to prove that it was no fluke, we followed up by repeating this feat this year. Last but not least, CAT governance is not only about clean governance but also about providing democratic space and fostering a culture of freedom. For example, we established the first Speaker's Corner in Malaysia, where one can not only enjoy freedom of speech, but also freedom after speech. We allow people to speak their minds, even when it is often used to speak out against us.

More importantly, we also believe that it is incumbent upon the state to provide economic facilities and social opportunities for the people. As such, we embarked on a string of people-centric social welfare programmes that have seen Penang become the first state in Malaysia to eradicate hardcore poverty and on our way to wipe out poverty completely by 2015.

In addition, we also go to great lengths to ensure that the downtrodden are taken care of by giving cash aid to senior citizens, single mothers, the disabled, schoolchildren, newborn babies, subsidised dialysis treatments and even free bus services in the inner city and across our famous Penang bridge. This is all part of our commitment to ensure that our people enjoy freedom from want.

The Penang Declaration Of Clean Governance: laying future foundations
It is my hope that our conference today will mark the beginning of a strong movement for clean governance in ASEAN. It is especially important in current times to ensure clean governance of our public institutions and freedom of our people. To do this, we must be aware of the collective aspirations of our people. We must be responsive to their needs and engage them on their wants. Above all, freedom must be institutionalised.

And so, at the end of today's proceedings, we hope to launch an important document, titled "The Penang Declaration". It is a document that symbolises the commitment of the participants here today in acknowledging the principles of clean, accountable and transparent governance, and the universal values of truth, freedom and democracy. It also recognises the need for clean governance and the rule of law in order to attain socio-economic development and progress, as well as the necessity of building public institutions.

The Penang Declaration will reaffirm the five principles of good governance as described by the UNDP, as well as to encourage the implementation of public declaration of assets, open competitive tenders and the disclosure of government contracts.

Perhaps significantly, the document will also call for an important element of the anti-corruption process, which is the need for whistle-blower protection. In addition, our coalition will also bear no tolerance for corruption and abuse of power by insisting that powers of prosecution in corruption cases must be independently-wielded.

Finally, the Penang Declaration is a pledge to embrace cultural and social transformation in governance and integrity to engender inclusive, equitable and participatory social, political, economic and sustainable development for the people of ASEAN.

Conclusion

Ladies and gentlemen,

The Penang Institute would like to thank everyone for attending the day's proceedings, especially our distinguished speakers who are great leaders in their own countries. We have guests from Thailand, Indonesia, Singapore, Philippines and Laos. It is indeed a proud day for Penang and the Penang Institute.

I am certain that everyone here today shares our desire for improvement in governance, and I hope that the establishment of this ASEAN Coalition for Clean Governance will be the first step of a collective journey towards this ideal. As such, I thank you all once again for taking this important step together with us.

Together, we will face the scourge of corruption and abuse of power by advocating, encouraging and implementing clean governance. We do this because it is our responsibility to. In the words of Edmund Burke, "the only thing necessary for the triumph of evil is for good men to do nothing." And remind ourselves that cleanliness is next to holiness!

With that, I wish all of you a happy conference ahead.

—–Mandarin: Main points translation —–

槟州首席部长林冠英于2012年6月25日在乔治市依恩奥酒店东盟廉政联盟研讨会上致开幕词,重点如下:

东盟廉政联盟要求建立一套体制,通过必要机制创建可以打造廉正领导及决策的机构,有效地进行内部监督、惩罚贪污、奖赏吹哨人,以保障政策符合公众利益。

在特别的时代不应忘记回归基本原则的重要性,那就是不只做对的事,也要用对的方法去做事。

我们汇集在这个特别的年代。全球经济危机越来越明显。东盟的经济也难以幸免,我们将面对出口及直接外来投资下滑。结果,经济管理越来越具挑战性。在这个特别的年代,有的人说我们需要特别的想法和努力。但是,我们时代不应忘记回归基本原则:不只做对的事,也要用对的方法去做事。

创建廉洁公共机构的重要性

一个社会的支柱是公共机构,也可以被定义为"游戏规则":管理政府、市场和社会之间的互动。现在,想像如果游戏规则不明确,或者立法不严会怎样?你可能会遇到不负责任的人利用这个体制来自肥,更糟的是来压迫其它人。于是贪污及压迫性社会形成了。

公共机构及社会经济发展是共生的。良好及廉政能引导积极的社会经济发展。相反地,无效率的公共机构及施政会纵容贪污、资源错配、司法独断、政府的过多干预。结果,削弱经济竞争力、阻止公共领导投资及财富分配的偏见。

自由是赋予权利

真正的发展不是仅仅是物质的,社会上也必须充满容易接近的机会。换句话说,真正的发达社会是人民被赋予权利及自由,来完全本身的理想和潜能。

在穷人经济学家诺贝尔奖得主阿马蒂亚•森的著作《经济发展与自由》中,他写到,发展是扩大自由的过程,他确认了5个功能性自由,认为这些自由能让一个人活得更自由:

1. 政治自由

2. 经济便利

3. 社会机会

4. 透明保障

5. 安全保护

通过廉政将自由制度化

如果我们将发展做为我们的目标,我们也承认自由是发展的手段也是发展的目的,那么我们必须建立公共机构,拥抱真理、公信及透明。再说,阿马蒂亚•森对人类自由的标准涵盖基本人权、政治平等、社会经济平等、机会平等、财富公平分配、廉正领导及法制。

因而,唯一将这些标准具体化的方法是通过民主工具将它们制度化。换句话说,自由可以通过干净、有效率、负有责任及透明的公共机构获得保障。

我想要建议公共机构应该符合如联合国发展署所倡议的普世良好施政框架,包括五个原则:
1. 合法性及声音
2. 方向
3. 表现
4. 公信力
5. 公正

公共机构的本质必须是民主合法及参与。所有的男人、女人必须参与决策,不论是直接或间接的。唯有尊重结社自由及言论自由的社会才能拥有如此的参与度。

能干、公信及透明施政:槟州的经验

我们秉持能干、公信及透明原则,成为全马第一个推行公开招标进行政策采购及供应的州属。对外面的世界而言,这是正常的实践。但是,在我国还是破天荒。我们马上遭到那些感觉本身饭碗遭威胁的人士批评。

我们推行公开招标,有效地斩除了贪污的机会。之前, 承包商要通过中间人找工程。现在,全部程序都是通过e-采购上网进行。之前,人们要有政治联系才有政府工程,现在只需要网络联系。

此外,我们公开政府与私人界签署的合约。我们也通过资讯自由法,允许公众审查政府工程。我们也针对州政府的工程和计划进行公众咨询。

我们也成为全马第一个全州行政高官包括首长全面公布财产 的州属。最近,我们也寻求通过地方政府选举法令,赋权下放地方决策权,实现我们参与性施政的承诺。

过去四年,我们成功让州财政预算案年年有余。我们也将州政府的债务朋6亿3000万令吉减少95%至今天的3000万令吉。

我们的成绩不只获得总稽查司的赞扬,我们也成为全马唯一获国际透明组织赞扬的州政府。

我们在2010年所获外来投资全马居冠。在过去两年,槟城的外国直接投资占了全国30%。

乔治市也是2011年马来西亚最宜居城市。我们设立全马第一个演说者广场,人民不只享有言论自由,也享有言论后的自由。我们允许人民发言,即使他们也常常针对我们。

我们也相信州政府必须提供经济设备和社会机会给人民。因此,我们推行社会福利政策,我们已经成为全马第一个扫除赤贫的州属,目前也正朝向2015年扫除贫穷的目标。

我们也发放援助金给乐龄人士、单亲妈妈、残障人士、学生、新生婴儿、甚至免费巴士川行市内、跨越槟城大桥。

槟州廉洁施政宣言:为未来打下基石。

"槟州宣言"是一份象征全体与会者立志秉持廉洁、公信及透明施政,以及信守普世价值观真理、自由及民主的文件。它认同打造廉洁施政及法治在达到社会经济发展及进步的需要,以及创建公共机构的需要。

槟州宣言将再肯定联合国发展署的良好施政五大原则, 同时也鼓励公开财产、公开招标及政府合约。

这份文件也将促请反贪的重要程序 – 保障吹哨人。此外,这个联盟也绝不容忍贪污、滥权,并将坚持独立调查贪污案件。

最终,槟州宣言立志拥抱文化及社会施政改革及廉正,为东盟人民推动包涵性、合理公平及社会参与、政治、经济及永续发展。

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