Jumaat, 26 April 2013

Anwar Ibrahim

Anwar Ibrahim

Pemilih Muda Malaysia Condong Dukung Oposisi

Posted: 26 Apr 2013 01:37 AM PDT


Suara pemilih muda Malaysia diperkirakan berperan penting dalam menentukan hasil akhir pemilu Malaysia.

Lebih dari lima juta dari 13,3 pemilih terdaftar berusia di bawah 40 tahun, dengan dua juta orang adalah pemilih pemula.

Suara pemuda Malaysia dapat mengurangi kekuatan dukungan bagi koalisi Barisan Nasional, yang telah memerintah sejak kemerdekaan pada 1957 tapi saat ini bersumpah untuk mengakhiri korupsi dan otoritarianisme.

Saat ini, para pemuda Malaysia telah menyuarakan kebebasan berbicara dalam sistem pendidikan.

Bukhairy Sofian, seorang mahasiswa, sudah muak dengan larangan aktivitas politik di universitas-universitas Malaysia, yang disebutnya sebuah belenggu usang.

Pria berusia 23 tahun itu memimpin kelompok mahasiswa dalam menyerukan kebebasan akademik. Dia berencana untuk mendukung oposisi pada pemilu 5 Mei nanti.

"Hari ini, anak muda dapat mengetahui segala sesuatu melalui telepon genggam mereka. Pemuda telah membuka mata mereka (untuk melihat) bahwa mereka dapat mengubah Malaysia menjadi lebih baik," katanya.

Dukungan terhadap oposisi di kalangan warga Malaysia semakin tinggi.

Survei Pusat Demokrasi dan Pemilihan Umum Universitas Malaya (Umcedel) mengindikasikan 43 persen pemilih yakin pemimpin oposisi Malaysia, Anwar Ibrahim, memenuhi syarat menjadi perdana menteri.

Jajak pendapat melibatkan 1.407 responden yang tinggal di Semenanjung Malaysia pada awal April lalu.

Malaysian Chinese May Drop Najib as Fear of Riot Repeat Ebbs

Posted: 26 Apr 2013 01:07 AM PDT


Malaysian businessman Stanley Thai says he's joining thousands of fellow ethnic Chinese citizens in abandoning support for Prime Minister Najib Razak and voting for the opposition for the first time in elections next month.

"Why are the Chinese against the government — it's simple," Thai, 53, owner of medical glove-maker Supermax Corp. (SUCB), said in an interview last month. "We don't want our children to suffer what we suffered, deprived from education, from career opportunities, from business opportunities."

Chinese, who make up about a quarter of Malaysia's population, are growing intolerant of affirmative-action programs for Malays propagated by Najib's alliance of parties, the most recent national poll indicates. Any mass defection by Chinese voters raises the risk of the ruling coalition's first election loss since it was formed after 1969 race riots.

The violence of 1969 helped persuade many Chinese to back Barisan Nasional, which Najib has led since 2009, as they accepted racial preferences for Malays as the cost of peace. Thai said thinking changed when the government's electoral take sank in 2008 with little sign of renewed social unrest. "Everyone said, 'Wow, the time has come,'" he said.

Now, the opposition, led by Anwar Ibrahim, sees the end of race-based policies that have hindered companies such as Supermax as key to long-term economic growth. Najib counters that his gradual reform of the affirmative-action programs will assure stability and avert a slide in stocks and the ringgit that would accompany any opposition victory.

Vision Contest
"It's a contest ultimately about visions — do you believe the country is Malay-centered or a state of all its citizens?" said Clive Kessler, emeritus professor at the University of New South Wales in Sydney, who has studied Malaysian politics for half a century. "Najib no longer has adequate non-Malay support," said Kessler, who estimates the ruling coalition must win about two-thirds of Malay votes to stay in power.

The FTSE Bursa Malaysia KLCI Index (FTSEMIB), which has lagged other Southeast Asian benchmarks this year, gained as much as 0.3 percent as of 11:10 a.m. today, poised to close at a record high. The ringgit was set to advance for a sixth week, its longest rally in more than three years, on speculation further monetary easing in Japan and Europe will boost demand for emerging-market assets.

Anwar's Group
About half of Malaysia's 29 million people are Malays, while roughly a quarter have Chinese roots and the rest are mostly ethnic Indians or indigenous groups. One in five ethnic Chinese think the country is headed in the right direction, compared with 75 percent of Malays, according to a February survey by the Merdeka Center for Opinion Research, the most recent available.

In 2008, the ruling 13-party Barisan Nasional coalition won by its slimmest margin since it was formed, with three Chinese parties losing half their parliamentary seats. Anwar's own multi-racial coalition, which includes a Chinese-majority party and a mostly Malay party that advocates Shariah law in criminal matters, has pledged to eliminate race-based policies to fight corruption.

"What we're seeing with the implementation of the policy is enormous rent-seeking and patronage and corruption," said Edmund Terence Gomez, a professor at University of Malaya in Kuala Lumpur who edited a book on the affirmative-action program. "The electoral trends clearly indicate that Malaysians are saying they've had enough of race-based politics."

Malay Preferences
In 1969, Malaysia suspended parliament for more than a year after race riots in the wake of a close election killed hundreds of people. Abdul Razak, Najib's father, then initiated the racial preferences in 1971 as the country's second prime minister.

The New Economic Policy sought to raise the share of national wealth to at least 30 percent for Malays and indigenous groups known as Bumiputera, or "sons of the soil," that make up about 60 percent of the population. They got cheaper housing and quotas for college places, government contracts and shares of listed companies.

While Najib has tweaked the policy for publicly traded firms and extended benefits to poorer members of all races, many other elements remain intact. Malaysia favors Bumiputera companies in awarding contracts from the government and state- owned enterprises, the U.S. Trade Representative wrote in a March report.

"We don't play the racial card — we play a moderate Malaysia, an inclusive Malaysia and we're talking about power sharing," Najib said in an April 17 interview. "That's the kind of storyboard that we are trying to convince the Malaysian Chinese."

College Rejection
Thai, whose father fled China in 1949 during the Communist takeover, is dubious. After growing up on a farm with 13 siblings in Johor, which borders Singapore, he failed to gain entry to a university where Malays received priority and moved to Canada to get a college degree. On his return, he built a business aimed at exporting rubber gloves to avoid restrictions on selling within Malaysia.

Supermax, the nation's third-largest medical glove-maker, now exports 24 billion gloves a year, said Thai, whose holdings in the company are worth about $93 million. For years he and other Chinese entrepreneurs were wary of publicly speaking out about corruption in the 42-year-old affirmative action program due to concerns of reprisals.

Fear Factor
"We have been brainwashed from Day 1," Thai said. "We were born and bred with fear and threats by our own government."

Mahathir Mohamad, who ruled from 1981 to 2003 and was Malaysia's longest-serving leader, alluded to those fears in a blog post this month urging Chinese voters in Johor to back the government. An opposition win would undermine the racial balance the Barisan Nasional aimed to achieve, he wrote.

"An unhealthy racial confrontation would replace Sino- Malay cooperation which has made Malaysia stable and prosperous," Mahathir wrote.

Najib said in last week's interview that his pursuit of gradual change would avoid the upheaval that engulfed the Middle East after longstanding governments collapsed. An opposition win could trigger "catastrophic ruin" that would cause stocks and the currency to plunge, he warned.

'Still Complaining'
Chinese parties in Barisan Nasional are urging voters to stick with the government to promote social justice and warning that the Malay parties in the opposition will seek to impose Islamic laws. Malays and other indigenous groups owned 22 percent of share capital at limited companies in 2008, compared with 35 percent for Chinese, according to the most recent government statistics.

"The Chinese feel that the government has not done enough for them, but the same can be said of the Indians and the Malays," said Wilfred Yap, an official with the Chinese- majority Sarawak United People's Party, which is part of Najib's coalition. "They are still complaining that the Chinese still control a big chunk of the economy," he said, referring to the Malay and Indian populations.

Meantime, Anwar's alliance is emulating Barisan Nasional's original formula by promoting policies that seek to unite races and religions, according to Liew Chin Tong, a lawmaker with the Chinese-majority Democratic Action Party, one of three in the opposition coalition.

"They are suffering now because they are now only focusing on the Malay votes," Liew said in an interview last month, referring to the government. "With Mahathir playing the racist card, they are speaking to only the Malay audience in the hope to push the Malay vote up to 65 percent."

Pengundi mahu Najib, Anwar debat manifesto PRU13

Posted: 25 Apr 2013 11:59 PM PDT

Sinar Harian

Lebih daripada 60 peratus responden yang dipilih secara rawak oleh Pusat Kajian Demokrasi dan Pilihan Raya Universiti Malaya (Umcedel) mahu Perdana Menteri, Datuk Seri Najib Tun Razak dan Ketua Pembangkang, Datuk Seri Anwar Ibrahim berdebat berhubung manifesto masing-masing menjelang hari mengundi 5 Mei ini.

Kajian membabitkan 1,407 responden ini bermula pada 3 April lalu dan berakhir pada 20 April iaitu pada hari penamaan calon.

Sebanyak 23 peratus daripada responden mengatakan debat mengenai manifesto kedua-dua pemimpin ini tidak perlu sementara 14 peratus lagi tidak pasti mengenainya.

Hasil kajian yang dilakukan oleh Umcedel menunjukkan pengundi Cina lebih cenderung kepada manifesto yang dibentangkan oleh Pakatan Rakyat (PR) pada Februari lalu.

“(Sebanyak) 77 peratus pengundi Cina yakin janji PR menurunkan harga minyak,” kata Pengarah Umcedel, Profesor Datuk Dr Mohammad Redzuan Othman pada sidang media hari ini.

Antara manifesto popular PR yang ditanya kepada masyarakat termasuklah janji menurunkan caj air dan elektrik (64 peratus), menghapuskan tol (60 peratus), menurunkan harga kereta (61 peratus) dan pendidikan percuma (63 peratus).

Sementara manifesto BN yang turut ditanyakan ialah menaikkan Bantuan Rakyat 1Malaysia kepada RM1,200 (52 peratus), janji program transformasi seperti Klinik Rakyat 1Malaysia, Kedai Rakyat 1Malaysia (52 peratus) dan jani membina satu juta rumah mampu milik (51 peratus).

[VIDEO] Anwar Ibrahim: Rompak Kecil Nama Corruption, Rompak Besar Nama Commission

Posted: 25 Apr 2013 11:36 PM PDT

[VIDEO] Anwar Ibrahim: Kita Ambil Alih, Mahathir, Anakmu Tak Dapat Kontrak, Bagi Kepada Orang Lain

Posted: 25 Apr 2013 11:31 PM PDT

‘Lebih ramai setuju Anwar jadi PM berbanding Najib’

Posted: 25 Apr 2013 11:28 PM PDT


Kajiselidik Pusat Kajian Demokrasi dan Pilihan Raya Universiti Malaya (Umcedel) menunjukkan Datuk Seri Anwar Ibrahim mendahului Datuk Seri Najib Razak sebagai calon perdana menteri Malaysia yang baru.

Tinjauan pada awal April itu, melibatkan 1,407 responden yang menetap di Semenanjung Malaysia menunjukkan sebanyak 43 peratus responden percaya Anwar layak menjadi perdana menteri manakala 24 peratus lagi berpendapat sebaliknya, dan selebihnya tidak pasti.

Untuk Najib pula, 39 peratus responden berkenaan berpendapat beliau layak menjadi perdana menteri manakala 31 lagi tidak bersetuju. Seramai 30 peratus lagi tidak pasti.

Apa yang menarik, seramai 54 peratus responden Melayu berpendapat Anwar layak menjadi perdana menteri dan hanya 28 peratus yang mahu Najib menjadi perdana menteri.

Di kalangan pengundi kali pertama pula, 48 peratus responden percaya Anwar layak menjadi perdana menteri manaka 25 peratus lagi berpendapat demikian untuk Najib.

Berbanding dengan hasil kajiselidik Umcedel pada bulan Januari, rating Najib merosot empat mata manakala Anwar meningkat satu mata.

Dari segi responden Melayu, Kedudukan Najib merosot 18 mata manakala Kedudukan Anwar pula meningkat sembilan mata.

Najib dan Anwar dilihat bersaing rapat dalam bidang-bidang yang lain.

Najib mempunyai sedikit kelebihan dari segi pemimpin yang rapat dan mesra rakyat, berbanding dengan Anwar.

Lima puluh empat peratus responden percaya Najib lebih “mesra rakyat” berbanding dengan 46 peratus untuk Anwar.

Pengarah Umcedel, Prof Datuk Mohd Redzuan Othman memberitahu satu sidang media hari ini bahawa ini kerana Najib muncul di TV hampir setiap hari, berbanding dengan Anwar yang hanya muncul apabila ada sesuatu yang tidak baik mengenainya.

Najib juga dilihat sedikit lebih mampu dalam pentadbiran berbanding dengan Anwar, manakala Anwar mempunyai kelebihan sedikit dari segi ketelusan dan wawasan untuk memajukan negara.

Bagaimanapun, Anwar mempunyai kelebihan yang jelas dari segi pemimpin yang memiliki ciri-ciri kepimpinan Islam, dengan 43 peratus daripada responden menyatakan beliau memiliki ciri-ciri tersebut, berbanding dengan 37 peratus untuk Najib.

Sementara itu, kajiselidik itu juga mendapati 62 peratus responden berkata mereka tidak dipengaruhi oleh video seks yang didakwa membabitkan seorang pemimpin Pakatan Rakyat yang beredar di Internet.

Tiga puluh sembilan peratus responden berkata mereka yakin video seks itu sebagai “propaganda Umno” untuk membuat serangan peribadi, manakala 39 peratus berkata mereka tidak pasti.

Dua puluh dua peratus responden tidak bersetuju bahawa klip itu “propaganda Umno”.

Redzuan berkata, nampaknya kempen memburuk-burukkan Anwar (dalam media arus perdana) tidak benar-benar memberi kesan buruk terhadapnya.

Sementara itu, 63 peratus responden berkata mereka mahu melihat debat antara Najib dan Anwar manakala 19 peratus tidak bersetuju dengan idea tersebut.

Malaysia’s GE13 too close to call – former US ambassador

Posted: 25 Apr 2013 11:11 PM PDT

Malaysia Chronicle

Malaysia’s 13th General Elections on May 5 will be the most important — and the most hard-fought — in Malaysian history. The United Malays National Organisation (UMNO) and its coalition partners have ruled the nation since its independence in 1957. But now, for the first time in history, the Malaysian opposition is united and strong, and it believes it has a real chance of coming to power.

And also for the first time, UMNO, as well as those who have benefited politically and economically from their connections to the ruling party, fear that the voters might reject their party and the system that have governed the country continuously for over five decades.

Major differences

This is not simply a question of who wins. There are major differences between the ruling party’s and the opposition’s approaches to political and human rights, economic policy, and affirmative action. An opposition victory would bring change in many areas. The opposition promises to shift the focus of the government’s affirmative action programs from a race-based to a needs-based system. It pledges it will crack down on the corruption and crony capitalism that is holding back the country’s economic potential, and open up more political space by easing the restrictions on political freedom.

Fortunately for the United States, there are no appreciable differences in the foreign policies of either side. But what happens on May 5 will have a major impact on Malaysia’s future political and economic direction, and that is why we in the outside world need to pay attention.

No matter who wins, a realignment of Malaysian politics is inevitable. Win or lose, there will be pressures on the current Prime Minister, Najib Tun Razak, to step down. Win or lose, UMNO will have to decide whether to “re-invent” itself, something it failed to do after the last elections in 2008, when it suffered major losses.

If it does decide to change, then the question is whether it will be in the direction of more openness, or whether it is towards appealing to the more chauvinistic Malay elements in its party. If it is the latter, which I believe is more likely, then we can expect to see more racial polarization in the country as well as continued emigration by minorities, and especially college-educated minorities, to Singapore and elsewhere.

Too close to call

The election is too close to call. The ruling party has many structural advantages, including control of the television and radio networks and mainstream press; influence over the election commission and other instruments of state power, such as the police; and access to public monies for political purposes. One academic has estimated that the Najib government has spent almost US $19 billion on election-related incentives over the past four years. That is equivalent to 20% of the Government’s annual budget.

The opposition, led by former Deputy Prime Minister Anwar Ibrahim, has the greater political momentum, and the Government is on the defensive for the first time in history. Judging by the turnout at political rallies, opposition enthusiasm is high, and it is making inroads into what used to be safe areas for the ruling party. It has become adept at using the internet and other alternative media to reach voters. But an opposition victory will depend not just on the will of the voters, whatever that might be, but also on ensuring that electoral fraud and intimidation are kept to a minimum.

John R. Malott was the United States Ambassador to Malaysia, 1995-1998. He has written analyses of Malaysia for the Wall Street Journal, Malaysiakini, and the East-West Center.

The above is his speech made at the National Press Club in Washington DC on April 24, 2013.

Jelajah Pakatan Harapan Rakyat Dato Seri Anwar Ibrahim Ke SABAH

Posted: 25 Apr 2013 10:19 PM PDT

27 & 28 April 2013 (Sabtu & Ahad)

27 April 2013 (Sabtu)

1) 11.00 pagi – Kampong Patau-Patau (P – Labuan)

2) 12.30 tgh – Rumah Dato' Lajim Ukin, Beaufort

(P – Beaufort / Sipitang)

3) 2.30 ptg – Pdg Rmh Panjang Kg Taningol, Matunggong

(P – Kota Marudu, DUN – Matunggong)

4) 4.00 ptg – Kampong Lominodip (Sebelah SMK Tambulion)

(P-Kota Belud, DUN – Kadamaian)

5) 5.30 ptg – Jalan Kiam Som, Inanam

(P- Sepanggar, DUN – Inanam)

6) 7.00 mlm – Kampong Nossob Baru, Penampang

(P- Penampang , DUN- Api-Api)

28 April 2013 (Ahad)

1) 11.00 pg – Batu 9, Jalan Labuk, Sandakan

(P- Libaran, DUN – Gum-Gum)

2) 12.30 tgh – Pasar Taman Mawar, Batu 5, Sandakan

(P- Batu Sapi, DUN – Sekong)

3) 2.30 ptg – Taman Gembira, Jalan Silam, Lahad Datu

(P- Silam, DUN – Lahad Datu)

4) 4.00 ptg – Jalan Kampong Simunul, Pekan Semporna

(P- Semporna, DUN – Senallang)

5) 5.30 ptg – Pej PKR, Taman Gek Poh, Tawau

(P – Tawau, DUN- Balung & Apas)

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